[This article belongs to Volume - 39, Issue - 03]

Mechanism of Nitrate Nitrogen Removal by Chitosan Modified Zeolite Molecular Sieve

Drinking water containing a high amount of ammonium-nitrogen (NH4+-N) is not effectively removed by conventional treatment processes and can cause eutrophication. In this research, a composite adsorbent based on chitosan crosslink with zeolite molecular sieve (CTS-ZMS) was prepared for NH4+-N removal through dynamic adsorption filter experiments. Effect of bed depth (30, 50 and 70 cm), flow rate (32, 49 and 65 mL/min), initial pH value (4.5, 6.5 and 8.5) and influent NH4+-N concentration (3, 5 and 7 mg/L) was examined by using a filter column packed with CTS-ZMS particles. The Thomas model was applied to study the breakthrough curves and adsorption capacity. The optimal process parameters of the aforementioned factors were obtained at bed depth of 70 cm, flow rate of 32 mL/min, pH of 6.5 and initial NH4+-N concentration of 7 mg/L. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) were investigated to analyze the structure and morphology of the CTS-ZMS adsorbents before and after 3 months running. The EDS and FTIR results showed Na+ and the active functional groups of -OH, -NH2 and -COO− on CTS-ZMS adsorbent particles reacted with ammonium nitrogen. The results of this study supported the use of CTS-ZMS to improve drinking water filtration processes by increasing ammonium nitrogen reductions.