[This article belongs to Volume - 40, Issue - 01]

Factors and Prevalence of Anaemia Among Adolescent Females in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia

Anaemia is a decrease in total red blood cell count. Anaemia is a global public health issue that impacts countries of varying economic development. Adolescent girls face a greater susceptibility to anaemia due to their heightened dietary requirements. In Ethiopia, few research studies on anaemia and its associated variables have been conducted. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency of anaemia and identify the factors that contribute to it among adolescent females in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional investigation was conducted in Hawassa City schools. Out of six selected government schools in the City, 271 adolescent girls were included using the multi-stage sampling technique. After getting informed consent, a blood sample and anthropometric measurements were collected from all the participants. A pretested structured questionnaire collected information regarding socio-demographic and reproductive health characteristics. Anaemia-related factors were examined using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression. A 95% confidence interval and an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) are the ways the results are presented. The prevalence of anaemia in this study was 25.5% (95% CI: 20.3–31.0). Adolescent's age (AOR = 2.10, 95%CI: 1.05–4.20), BMI (AOR = 2.23, 95%CI: 1.00–4.95), Length of menstrual bleeding (AOR = 2.29, 95%CI: 1.11–4.73), postmeal consumption of tea (AOR = 2.36, 95%CI: 1.01–5.51), and illness history within the previous two weeks (AOR = 2.48, 95%CI: 1.17–5.22) were predictors of anaemia. In the study area, anaemia is a moderate public health problem. Adolescents who have already begun menstruating should be targeted for interventions that focus on addressing anaemia. Further adolescent nutrition education is an essential strategy for reducing the burden of anaemia.